Gerhard Marcks

Date/place of birth

1889 Berlin

Day/place of death

1981 Cologne

Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II
Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II

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Gerhard Marcks biography

Gerhard Marcks, a self-taught sculptor, creates first animal sculptures under the instruction of August Gaul und Georg Kolbe from 1907 onwards. He shared a studio with the painter and sculptor Richard Scheibe between 1908 and 1912 and also participated in exhibitions at the Berlin Secession. Following his military service, he was summoned to the State Arts and Crafts School in Berlin in 1918 and changed to the State Bauhaus in Weimar the following year. Here, he worked as head of the ceramics department; furthermore, his occupation with print graphic techniques, woodcuts and etching began here. He worked at the Arts and Crafts School in Halle from 1925. Marcks received significant artistic impulses through travels to Greece in 1928. The dismissal from his teaching post in 1933 was followed by the defamation as a “degenerate” artist and an exhibition ban in 1937. From 1946, Marcks taught at the State School of Arts Hamburg; in 1950, he relocated to Cologne where he worked as a freelance sculptor. The 1950s and 60s were characterised by numerous travels, honours, and prolific exhibition activities; moreover, he created many commissioned works. Contrary to his early works, which were close to Expressionism, the artist developed a classic, simple language of forms after the Second World War. His sculptures – mostly female figures that could be life-size or over life-size and often be taken from antique mythology – and his animal sculptures have a calm, timeless beauty. Alongside Ernst Barlach, Georg Kolbe and Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Marcks is counted among the best-known representatives of 20th century German sculpture.

© Kunsthaus Lempertz

Gerhard Marcks Prices

Gerhard MarcksSchwimmerin II€390.400
Gerhard MarcksSelene€238.000
Gerhard MarcksMaja€168.000
Gerhard MarcksKleine Schwestern€79.300
Gerhard MarcksSmall seated Figure in a Shirt€62.400
Gerhard MarcksFortuna€56.120

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