Miró's father was a goldsmith and watchmaker. In 1910 Miró followed his father's wish and started to take a three-year course at a business school. At the same time he also enrolled at the Art Academy La Lonja in Barcelona where he learned both fine and applied arts. In 1912 he changed to Francesco Gali's private academy in Barcelona where he studied Impressionism, Fauvism and Cubism. When he met Picasso on his first trip to Paris in 1919, the two men made friends, and Picasso introduced him to the Dadaist circle. A year later Miró settled in Paris. He created still lifes, portraits and landscapes, all still under the influence of Cubism. From about 1924 Miró's works began to display his characteristic abstracted repertoire of shapes, consisting of geometric and biomorphous elements which relate to one another via straight and dotted lines as well as via arrows and ladders. In 1925 Miró signed Breton's First Surrealist Manifesto and took part in the Exhibition of the Surrealists in Paris. His paintings appear to result from spontaneous association but were nearly always preceded by compositional sketches. His art increasingly developed its own visual cosmos with its own laws and often with a touch of humour or poetry. He was also influenced by Arp, Kandinsky and above all Klee. After the outbreak of the Second World War, Miró first moved to Palma de Mallorca and, in 1942, to his parents' house in Barcelona. In 1941 and 1959 Miró was given a major retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In the 1950s he turned more and more towards graphic works, sculpture and ceramics, while also designing stage sets, costumes and tapestries.