Oskar Schlemmer

Date/place of birth

1888 Stuttgart

Day/place of death

1943 Baden-Baden

Oskar Schlemmer - Bauplastik R
Oskar Schlemmer - Bauplastik R

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Oskar Schlemmer biography

Oskar Schlemmer was a painter, sculptor and set designer who had received his artistic training at the School of Applied Arts and the Academy of Fine Arts in his home city of Stuttgart. In 1912, he became a master student of Adolf Hölzel. Together with other Hölzel students, he displayed his works in various places, including the Cologne Werkbund exhibition (1914). In 1920 he was appointed by Walter Gropius to teach at the Bauhaus in Weimar, where he headed the stone sculpture workshop and, together with Johannes Itten, the mural workshop. In the 1920s Schlemmer became a celebrity in Stuttgart through the premières of two Hindemith operas, for which he had designed the stage set and costumes, and also for the première of his own “Triadic Ballet”, on which he had been working since about 1916. This experimental ballet explored the relationship between a figure and space as the dancers moved through space in costumes made from geometrical shapes. He also became the unofficial head of the Theatre Workshop at the Bauhaus, where he created stage sets as well as paintings and murals. In 1925 Schlemmer followed the Bauhaus when it relocated to Dessau, where he then set up an experimental stage. In 1928, however, he gradually withdrew from the Bauhaus theatre workshop. He was asked by the Folkwang Museum in Essen to design the murals of its Brunnensaal (Fountain Hall), a job which took two years. In 1929 Schlemmer was invited to teach at the Breslau Academy, and in 1932 he moved to the Vereinigte Staatsschulen (United State Schools) in Berlin. Only a year later, however, he was dismissed by the Nazis, and some of his works were displayed at a "Degenerate Art" exhibition in 1937. From then onwards until his death in 1943 Schlemmer only received a small number of orders and had very few opportunities to work without restrictions. The most dominant theme in his artistic oeuvre was that of figures in space. In his works, the artist combines the hyper-individual type of modern man with the geometry of contemporary architecture and focuses on relationships between plane and spatiality, two- and three-dimensionality.

© Kunsthaus Lempertz

Oskar Schlemmer Prices

Oskar SchlemmerBauplastik R€250.000
Oskar SchlemmerVorübergehender und Stehender (Passing Figure and Standing Figure)€134.200
Oskar SchlemmerBauplastik R€126.000
Oskar SchlemmerOrnamentale Plastik€105.400
Oskar SchlemmerGruppe mit rotem Knaben€92.820
Oskar SchlemmerGruppe mit erhobener Hand, Sechs Köpfe€72.000

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