Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II - image-1
Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II - image-2
Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II - image-1Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II - image-2

Lot 323 D

Gerhard Marcks - Schwimmerin II

Auction 1033 - overview Cologne
30.05.2014, 18:00 - Modern Art
Estimate: 140.000 € - 160.000 €
Result: 390.400 € (incl. premium)

Gerhard Marcks

Schwimmerin II
1938/1952

Bronze. Height 167.2 cm. With the artist's mark on the base at right as well as with the foundry mark "H. NOACK BERLIN" on the back of the base at left. One of more than 4 casts. - With fine dark brown patina. A few dot-shaped rubbings to front right thigh.

Gerhard Marcks's “Schwimmerin II” (Swimmer II) is based on a portrait of his daughter Brigitte, who was born in 1916. In 1952 the artist turned once again to the sculpture from 1938 - which shows Brigitte in life-size and with toned, well-developed muscles - and made slight changes to the hairstyle. His second daughter, Ute, who was born in 1921, served as model in this case.
The important sculpture “Schwimmerin II” - which is represented by casts in Berlin's Neue Nationalgalerie and in Krefeld's Kaiser-Wilhelm-Museum, among other places - illustrates Marcks's reception of classical and archaic antiquity, transposed into the idiom of his own individual 'hand'. Within this personal portrait, the sculpture depicts a universal, timeless image of the contemplative concentration that precedes every athletic activity.
“In the constants of standing, sitting, crouching, lying down, he tracked down the accord between the outward and the inward motion, examined the interaction and harmony of a given canon of forms, explored the rhythm of the course of a line, volume and axis. Particularly in the case of the female nude, he was ultimately interested in only one thing: beauty” (Martina Rudloff, Venus Urania hat keinen Namen, in: Gerhard Marcks-Stiftung 1993, op. cit., p. 101).

Catalogue Raisonné

Rudloff 354; Marcks, works diary plaster/bronze 197

Provenance

Private collection, North Rhine-Westphalia (acquired directly from the artist)

Literature

Adolf Rieth, Gerhard Marcks, Recklinghausen 1959, p. 17; Jutta Schmidt, Einige Gedanken zur realistischen Plastik des 20. Jahrhunderts, in: Bildende Kunst, 1968, issue 9, with ill. p. 471; Ursula Frenzel, Gerhard Marcks 1889-1981, Briefe und Werke, Munich 1988, p. 100; Gerhard Marcks-Stiftung (ed.), Gerhard Marcks und die Antike, Bremen 1993, n.p. with three full-page illustrations

Exhibitions

Cf. i.a. Berlin 1938 (Galerie Buchholz), Bildhauerkunst, cat. no. 18 with ill. of the plaster; Hamburg 1940 (Kunstverein), Deutsche Bildhauer der Gegenwart, cat. no. 113; Hanover 1949 (Kestner-Gesellschaft), Gerhard Marcks, cat. no. 18; Kassel 1955 (Dokumenta I), cat. no. 385; Cologne/Berlin/Bremen 1989/1990 (Josef Haubrich-Kunsthalle/Nationalgalerie/Gerhard Marcks-Haus), Gerhard Marcks 1889-1981. Retrospektive, cat. no. 202, with colour ill. p. 201; Jena 2004 (Galerie im Stadtmuseum), Gerhard Marcks. Zwischen Bauhaus und Dornburger Atelier, cat. no. I/25, with colour ill.