Amadeo Modigliani is among the representatives of the early, initial so-called “École de Paris”. In 1906, after his education in Florence and Venice, he came to Paris, where he immersed himself in the life of the bohemian artists and where his work initially displayed the strong influence of Toulouse-Lautrec and the Fauves as well as Cézanne and Picasso. His acquaintance with Constantin Brancusi inspired him to work in sculpture and, between 1909 and 1914, he created numerous stone sculptures of heads and caryatids. Their simplified, quasi-archaic forms reveal his reception of African sculpture, which also occupied Derain and Picasso at that time. Later, Modigliani once more turned exclusively to his painting, whose spectrum of themes was marked by female nudes and to portraits of his friends and fellow artists – including Picasso and Cocteau. The formal reductivism and stylisation of his sculptural oeuvre also characterised his paintings, whose motifs were defined by their rhythmic linearity and grace. Modigliani’s portraits – which comprise a kind of portrait gallery of Paris’s avant-garde artists at that time – stereotype his sitters to a great degree: the elongated forms, stretched-out necks and oval faces featuring almond-shaped eyes provided an unmistakable artistic trademark. This tendency to abstraction and depersonalisation, which was also accompanied by a melancholy expression, stands in contrast to the simultaneous individual study and psychologising grasp of the sitter – in the portrait of the artist Chaïm Soutine, for example, or in the numerous portraits of Modigliani’s lover Jeanne Hébuterne. Commercial success remained denied to the artist, who maintained a distinctive and rigorously cohesive style of his own in the midst of the influences of the Parisian avant-garde. In 1917 the only solo exhibition of Modigliani’s work was held in the Galerie Berthe Weill, in Paris: it aroused public distaste on account of the eroticism of the nudes shown. Of fragile health throughout his life and marked by illness, alcohol and poverty, Modigliani died an early death in 1920 – sealing the romanticising notion of his bohemian existence.
Amedeo Modigliani Prices
|Amedeo Modigliani||Portrait de Conrad Moricand||€22.320|