Heinrich Campendonk

Date/place of birth

1889 Krefeld

Day/place of death

1957 Amsterdam

Heinrich Campendonk - Blumenbild (Picture with flowers) Verso: Paar (Couple)
Heinrich Campendonk - Blumenbild (Picture with flowers) Verso: Paar (Couple)

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Heinrich Campendonk biography

From 1905 to 1908, Campendonk attended the School of Applied Ats in Krefeld, and Johan Thorn Prikker became his teacher and tireless supporter. In 1910 Campendonk established contact with the painters of the “Neue Künstlervereinigung” in Munich and moved to Sindelsdorf, in Upper Bavaria, in the following year; Franz Marc also lived there and Campendonk was in close contact with him. Campendonk – inspired by traditional Bavarian folk art, as were Gabriele Münter, Vassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc – experimented at an early date with the technique of painting on glass. From 1911 onwards, he was a member of the legendary group “Der Blaue Reiter”, and this became a milestone in his development as an artist. His first exhibitions in Munich as well as in Herwarth Walden’s Berlin gallery, “Der Sturm”, followed. In 1916 Campendonk and his family moved to Seeshaupt, on the shores of Lake Starnberg. He was also active in Berlin and became a member of the “Novembergruppe” in 1918. In 1926 he accepted a professorship at the Düsseldorf Academy of Art; in 1933 he was declared a “degenerate artist”, was dismissed from his position and immigrated to the Netherlands. In 1935 he accepted a professorship for monumental and decorative art at the Rijks-Academie in Amsterdam and also retained this position there after the war ended. Campendonk’s works display a very distinctive Expressionist style, characterised by its pure complementary contrasts and a geometricising formal idiom. In his work we often find dynamic compositions in which people, animals and plants are grouped together within fanciful surroundings. It was particularly Franz Marc’s depictions of animals, but also Cubism, that provided the artist with lasting sources of inspiration. After 1917 the works become somewhat calmer and more lyrical in terms of their prevailing atmosphere; however, they nonetheless retain their vibrant luminosity. A further phase began around 1921, featuring somewhat darker, mystical scenes. Campendonk created not only works of fine art, but also of applied art – designing numerous monumental stained-glass windows for public buildings as well as porcelain and textiles.

© Kunsthaus Lempertz

Heinrich Campendonk Prices

Heinrich CampendonkBlumenbild (Picture with flowers) Verso: Paar (Couple)€780.000
Heinrich CampendonkZwei Radfahrer in Landschaft€93.000
Heinrich CampendonkDie Muse€83.300
Heinrich CampendonkSitzender weiblicher Akt€64.260
Heinrich CampendonkSitzender Mann in Landschaft (Auferstehung)€47.600
Heinrich CampendonkDer rote Kopf€29.750

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